The Negro Spiritual: History and Influence

1699 Historic Winslow House and Cultural Center is pleased to present a musical history program on Saturday, August 2, at 2:00 p.m. entitled “The Negro Spiritual: History and Influence.” Vocalist Melodee Savage will perform eight spirituals with commentary in-between. Jazz pianist George W. Russell, Jr. will accompany on
keyboard. Negro spirituals are known for poignant words and rich melodies. Through verse and song, the audience will learn how these “Black and Unknown Bards” used their folk songs and how these songs made their way into American culture.

Tickets for the program are $10 for members and $15 for non-members and are available in advance by calling 781-837-5753 , by visiting www.winslowhouse.org or emailing
info@winslowhouse.org or may be purchased at the door.  Light refreshments will be served.

Ms. Savage, a Marshfield resident, has performed professionally on Broadway,  off-Broadway, in national tours and in regional theater as a singer, actor and dancer.   She received critical acclaim for her solo vocal performances with the American Jazz Orchestra,  Tulsa Philharmonic Orchestra, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and an All-Star Jazz Band at Carnegie Hall which recreated Duke Ellington’s premier concert of 1943.  For more information, visit her website at melodeesavagemusic.com.

George W. Russell, Jr. is an inspirational jazz pianist, composer and educator and a Professor of Harmony at Berklee College of Music. For more information, visit www.georgewrusselljr.com.

I visited the Winslow House when I was in 3rd Grade…

IMG_0277At the Winslow House we would like to give a hearty huzzah to our Marshfield Third Graders as another year of school field trips came to a close in June.  As usual, all students, teachers, and chaperones showed the best of our town’s spirit, curiosity (about all things history) and community.

Some schools even came dressed in era appropriate clothing!

Also thank you to all our docents and Marshfield Historical Society and Daniel Webster Estate colleagues for making it another year to remember!

David Porter and the Epic Voyage of the U.S.S. Essex during the War of 1812

Adventure on the high seas takes focus as the Winslow House Authors Series starts for the 2014 season. Wednesday, June 11th, noted Naval Historian George Daughan will appear and discuss the life and adventures of Boston-born Captain David Porter (1780 – 1843).

While Porter’s Naval career included captaining the USS Constitution and acting as commander-in- chief of the Mexican Navy, of focus this evening will be his time as commander of the USS Essex  as highlighted in Mr. Daughan’s latest publication, The Shining Sea:  David Porter and the Epic Voyage of the U.S.S. Essex during the War of 1812.

Mr. Daughan has appeared twice prior at the Winslow House to discuss his earlier books:  If By Sea: The Forging of the American Navy–from the Revolution to the War of 1812 and 1812: The Navy’s War.    If by Sea won the 2008 Samuel Eliot Morison Award, and  1812 was acknowledged with the 2012 gold medal in the history division of the Independent Publisher book Awards and also the 2012 George Pendleton Prize.

Winslow House Welcomes Aaron Dougherty

The Association is pleased to announce that Aaron Dougherty has joined the Winslow House as interim executive director. He has been appointed to the position effective June 1st.

Aaron has been researching and interpreting the colonial New England experience since 2009. A native of Michigan, in 2010 he received his MA in early American History from Eastern Michigan University. Favorite subjects of study included the sociology of the Salem Witch Trials, the economic and social development of New England and Virginia, and religious practices in early America. His capstone essay explored the influence of the American Revolution on American Indian nationalism prior to the War of 1812, and its impact on Tecumseh’s Indian Confederacy in the old Northwest.

From 2010 until 2012, he worked as a first-person Colonial Interpreter in Plimoth Plantation’s 1627 English Village, portraying Plimoth resident John Winslow and other settlers. During the spring of 2012 he received an appointment as a seasonal Park Ranger at Boston National Historical Park, giving tours of Boston’s Freedom Trail and creating educational programming for Faneuil Hall and Bunker Hill. Since 2012, he’s honed his experience in the Massachusetts museum field by volunteering in Plimoth Plantation’s Library and Collections department, carrying out grant-writing for Pilgrim Hall Museum, and conducting research for the Plymouth Antiquarian Society.

We hope you will join us in welcoming Aaron  to the Winslow House Family.

The Words of the Winslows

When we want to learn something about history, we turn to the text books, or in this day and age, we go to Google and type in the topic we’re interested in. It’s fascinating to hear what the books and articles have to say, but more often than not, it’s what the people from his- tory themselves have to say that is the most captivating. “How is that possible?” you might ask. After all, the historical people of interest may be long dead, and are therefore no longer speaking out loud. However, they do speak, and what they have to say is right there for historians (or anyone who has the time and patience) to read.

I’m talking about primary source documents. Primary sources are documents that were created or written by or about the subject which you are researching. They are letters, essays, newspaper articles, account books, diaries, wills and so forth. These documents are a window into the past, and sometimes into the minds of their creators. They can tell us so many things about who made or wrote them and the time they lived in and are invaluable when it comes to quality historical research.

Unfortunately primary sources can often be few and far between, and sometimes entirely nonexistent. For example, the United States census of 1890 was completely destroyed by a fire in the building that was housing the documents. Now genealogists are left trying to put the pieces together and fill in the missing spaces when researching their family history.

Lucky for us, the Winslow family and those who knew them left quite a bit of primary source material that helps us learn about who they were, what they did, and what was important to them. John Winslow, (1703-1774), kept a diary and letters, many of which are preserved by the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Pilgrim Hall Museum. In a series of letters written between Winslow and Governor William Shirley, it becomes evident to the reader just how much military power John Winslow had. In a letter written in March of 1755, Governor Shirley invested significant military authority in John Winslow:

“I do hereby authorise, and im- power John Winslow Esqr. to beat his Drum any where within this Province, for enlisting Voluntiers for his Majts. Service in a Regiment to be forthwith raised, for the Service and Defence of His Majest. Colonies in North America, and to be Commanded by his Excelly. William Shirley Esqr. and the Coll. with the other officers of the Regiments within this Province, are hereby Commanded not to glve the sd. Jon. Winslow any Obstructions, or Molustations herein; but on the Contrary to afford him all necessary Encouragement, and assistance, for which this a sufficient Warrant.”

Primary source documents relating to military and government, although very telling, are typically easily attainable. Private documents, though, often are not. However when they are available they can give us unparalleled details into the lives of our forefathers.

One such type of document is the will, which most people who owned property would have made later in their lives and in which the person typically named who they wanted to in- herit their property. After the person died, the execu- tors of the estate usually conducted an inventory of the deceased belongings which gives historians excellent clues about the financial and socio-economic status of those in the household.

The will of Isaac Winslow, written in 1736, lists specific material belongings that were important to him. Winslow wrote: “I Give to my Son John Winslow my Seel Ring. I Give to my Son Edward all my other Rings & my Sword or Rapiers: Also, I Give to my Sons all my armes & wareing apparrel to be Equally Divided Between them “. In the inventory conducted of Isaac Winslow’s estate (including the current Winslow House), it is clear that he was a man of means with “looking glasses”, “Armes” and “Servants” being listed. It is also evident that he operated a working farm, with “Cattle” “Plows, Hoes, Chains, Yokes, Horse Gears” and “Dung Forks” also listed.

Women are sometimes underrepresented in primary source documents especially in the earlier periods. However, Sarah Wensley Winslow, wife of Isaac Winslow, left a will when she died in 1756 that gives us great insight into her life . Among her belongings were a “feather bed”, a “Velvet Cloak”, a “Velvet Handkerchief”, a “Silk Handker- chief” a “Gold necklass & locket”, a “pr Gold buttons” and a “pr Gold Earrings.” One can only assume that with so much gold jewelry and velvet clothing Sarah Winslow was living quite a comfortable life at Careswell!

Although the Winslows can no longer speak to us out loud, their voices are certainly not silent. Walking through the Winslow House gives us a way to step back in time, but primary source documents—letters, wills and diaries—gives the Winslows a voice and allows them to tell their stories.

-Erica Dumont

Executive Director, Historic 1699 Winslow House and Cultural Center

A special thanks to board member Cynthia Krusell who has spent a significant amount of time with the Winslow Family’s primary source documents and who has done a remarkable job at bringing their history to life.

Thanks also to Karin Goldstein, Curator at Plimoth Plantation, who has made these records available to me.

Winslow House Welcomes Two Interns

We all know that the Winslow House has an incredible collection; from the 17th century furniture to 19th century photographs, the collection helps tell the story of the Winslow House and Marshfield’s past. However, there’s so much more than meets the eye. The Winslow House objects have incredible histories themselves, and we want them to be told!

In order to even begin interpreting the objects in an historic house, a museum must do a proper inventory and assessment of its whole collection. The last time our inventory was taken was several years ago, so it needs an update! Keeping up with 21st century museum practices, the Winslow House has decided to use Past Perfect museum software. Fortunately, our friends at the Marshfield Historical Society have graciously offered to share their software with the Winslow House, so we’ll be able to move forward with this important project.

After careful consideration, our director Erica Dumont has chosen two interns to help her inventory and digitize the collection. Andrew Talbot is a recent graduate of Bridgewater State University. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in History, and hopes to teach at a high school in the area. A local history enthusiast, he is eager to begin exploring the Winslow House collection and to delve deeper into Winslow history!

Matt Howe is in his last leg of coursework at Bridgewater State University. Majoring in history, Matt also hopes to become a high school teacher. He is currently student teaching at Boston College High School in Boston. He is a resident of Marshfield and has done quite a bit of community service in town. Matt is excited to be part of the Winslow House and is looking forward to become more involved in the Marshfield community.

Andrew and Matt will be a valuable addition to the Wins- low House family, and we are excited to have them begin in May! Please stop by this summer to see their progress and to take a tour to see our collection! Welcome Andrew and Matt!

Careswell Artifacts on Display at Marshfield Town Hall

Did you know that October is Archaeology Month? Please check out the Marshfield Historical Commission’s exhibit on the first floor of the Marshfield Town Hall where there are artifacts on display that were found in various digs throughout the country! Some of the artifacts were found on the site of the Edward Winslow House, Careswell, that was built in the 1630′s here in Marshfield. It’s fascinating to see everyday objects that were used by people over 300 years ago!

The Ancestral Home of the Founding Family of Marshfield